LNSection: User Commands (1)
Updated: March 2007
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NAMEln - make links between files
SYNOPSISln [OPTION]... [-T] TARGET LINK_NAME (1st form)
ln [OPTION]... TARGET (2nd form)
ln [OPTION]... TARGET... DIRECTORY (3rd form)
ln [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY TARGET... (4th form)
In the 1st form, create a link to TARGET with the name LINK_NAME. In the 2nd form, create a link to TARGET in the current directory. In the 3rd and 4th forms, create links to each TARGET in DIRECTORY. Create hard links by default, symbolic links with --symbolic. When creating hard links, each TARGET must exist.
Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.
- make a backup of each existing destination file
- like --backup but does not accept an argument
- -d, -F, --directory
- allow the superuser to attempt to hard link directories (note: will probably fail due to system restrictions, even for the superuser)
- -f, --force
- remove existing destination files
- -n, --no-dereference
- treat destination that is a symlink to a directory as if it were a normal file
- -i, --interactive
- prompt whether to remove destinations
- -s, --symbolic
- make symbolic links instead of hard links
- -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
- override the usual backup suffix
- -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
- specify the DIRECTORY in which to create the links
- -T, --no-target-directory
- treat LINK_NAME as a normal file
- -v, --verbose
- print name of each linked file
- display this help and exit
- output version information and exit
The backup suffix is `~', unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX. The version control method may be selected via the --backup option or through the VERSION_CONTROL environment variable. Here are the values:
- none, off
- never make backups (even if --backup is given)
- numbered, t
- make numbered backups
- existing, nil
- numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise
- simple, never
- always make simple backups
AUTHORWritten by Mike Parker and David MacKenzie.
REPORTING BUGSReport bugs to <email@example.com>.
COPYRIGHTCopyright © 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
This is free software. You may redistribute copies of it under the terms of the GNU General Public License <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
SEE ALSOlink(2), symlink(2)
The full documentation for ln is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and ln programs are properly installed at your site, the command
- info ln
should give you access to the complete manual.