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\fBMYSQLADMIN\fR

Section: MySQL Database System (1)
Updated: 11/15/2007
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NAME

mysqladmin - client for administering a MySQL server  

SYNOPSIS

mysqladmin [options] command [command-options] [command [command-options]] ...
 

DESCRIPTION

mysqladmin

is a client for performing administrative operations. You can use it to check the server's configuration and current status, to create and drop databases, and more.

Invoke mysqladmin like this:

shell> mysqladmin [options] command [command-arg] [command [command-arg]] ...

mysqladmin supports the commands described in the following list. Some of the commands take an argument following the command name.

*
create db_name

Create a new database named db_name.

*
debug

Tell the server to write debug information to the error log.

*
drop db_name

Delete the database named db_name and all its tables.

*
extended-status

Display the server status variables and their values.

*
flush-hosts

Flush all information in the host cache.

*
flush-logs

Flush all logs.

*
flush-privileges

Reload the grant tables (same as reload).

*
flush-status

Clear status variables.

*
flush-tables

Flush all tables.

*
flush-threads

Flush the thread cache.

*
kill id,id,...

Kill server threads. If multiple thread ID values are given, there must be no spaces in the list.

*
old-password new-password

This is like the password command but stores the password using the old (pre-4.1) password-hashing format. (See Section 5.9, lqPassword Hashing as of MySQL 4.1rq.)

*
password new-password

Set a new password. This changes the password to new-password for the account that you use with mysqladmin for connecting to the server. Thus, the next time you invoke mysqladmin (or any other client program) using the same account, you will need to specify the new password.

If the new-password value contains spaces or other characters that are special to your command interpreter, you need to enclose it within quotes. On Windows, be sure to use double quotes rather than single quotes; single quotes are not stripped from the password, but rather are interpreted as part of the password. For example:

shell> mysqladmin password "my new password"
*
ping

Check whether the server is alive. The return status from mysqladmin is 0 if the server is running, 1 if it is not. This is 0 even in case of an error such as Access denied, because this means that the server is running but refused the connection, which is different from the server not running.

*
processlist

Show a list of active server threads. This is like the output of the SHOW PROCESSLIST statement. If the --verbose option is given, the output is like that of SHOW FULL PROCESSLIST. (See Section 5.4.21, lqSHOW PROCESSLIST Syntaxrq.)

*
reload

Reload the grant tables.

*
refresh

Flush all tables and close and open log files.

*
shutdown

Stop the server.

*
start-slave

Start replication on a slave server.

*
status

Display a short server status message.

*
stop-slave

Stop replication on a slave server.

*
variables

Display the server system variables and their values.

*
version

Display version information from the server.

All commands can be shortened to any unique prefix. For example:

shell> mysqladmin proc stat
+----+-------+-----------+----+---------+------+-------+------------------+
| Id | User  | Host      | db | Command | Time | State | Info             |
+----+-------+-----------+----+---------+------+-------+------------------+
| 51 | monty | localhost |    | Query   | 0    |       | show processlist |
+----+-------+-----------+----+---------+------+-------+------------------+
Uptime: 1473624  Threads: 1  Questions: 39487  
Slow queries: 0  Opens: 541  Flush tables: 1  
Open tables: 19  Queries per second avg: 0.0268

The mysqladmin status command result displays the following values:

*
Uptime

The number of seconds the MySQL server has been running.

*
Threads

The number of active threads (clients).

*
Questions

The number of questions (queries) from clients since the server was started.

*
Slow queries

The number of queries that have taken more than long_query_time seconds. See Section 8.4, lqThe Slow Query Logrq.

*
Opens

The number of tables the server has opened.

*
Flush tables

The number of flush-*, refresh, and reload commands the server has executed.

*
Open tables

The number of tables that currently are open.

*
Memory in use

The amount of memory allocated directly by mysqld. This value is displayed only when MySQL has been compiled with --with-debug=full.

*
Maximum memory used

The maximum amount of memory allocated directly by mysqld. This value is displayed only when MySQL has been compiled with --with-debug=full.

If you execute mysqladmin shutdown when connecting to a local server using a Unix socket file, mysqladmin waits until the server's process ID file has been removed, to ensure that the server has stopped properly.

mysqladmin supports the following options:

*
--help, -?

Display a help message and exit.

*
--character-sets-dir=path

The directory where character sets are installed. See Section 2, lqThe Character Set Used for Data and Sortingrq.

*
--compress, -C

Compress all information sent between the client and the server if both support compression.

*
--count=N, -c N

The number of iterations to make for repeated command execution. This works only with the --sleep option.

*
--debug[=debug_options], -# [debug_options]

Write a debugging log. The debug_options string often is 'd:t:o,file_name'. The default is 'd:t:o,/tmp/mysqladmin.trace'.

*
--default-character-set=charset_name

Use charset_name as the default character set. See Section 2, lqThe Character Set Used for Data and Sortingrq.

*
--force, -f

Do not ask for confirmation for the drop db_name command. With multiple commands, continue even if an error occurs.

*
--host=host_name, -h host_name

Connect to the MySQL server on the given host.

*
--password[=password], -p[password]

The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use the short option form (-p), you cannot have a space between the option and the password. If you omit the password value following the --password or -p option on the command line, you are prompted for one.

Specifying a password on the command line should be considered insecure. See Section 6.6, lqKeeping Your Password Securerq.

*
--port=port_num, -P port_num

The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.

*
--protocol={TCP|SOCKET|PIPE|MEMORY}

The connection protocol to use.

*
--relative, -r

Show the difference between the current and previous values when used with the --sleep option. Currently, this option works only with the extended-status command.

*
--silent, -s

Exit silently if a connection to the server cannot be established.

*
--sleep=delay, -i delay

Execute commands repeatedly, sleeping for delay seconds in between. The --count option determines the number of iterations.

*
--socket=path, -S path

For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use, or, on Windows, the name of the named pipe to use.

*
--ssl*

Options that begin with --ssl specify whether to connect to the server via SSL and indicate where to find SSL keys and certificates. See Section 6.7.3, lqSSL Command Optionsrq.

*
--user=user_name, -u user_name

The MySQL username to use when connecting to the server.

*
--verbose, -v

Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program does.

*
--version, -V

Display version information and exit.

*
--vertical, -E

Print output vertically. This is similar to --relative, but prints output vertically.

*
--wait[=count], -w[count]

If the connection cannot be established, wait and retry instead of aborting. If a count value is given, it indicates the number of times to retry. The default is one time.

You can also set the following variables by using --var_name=value syntax:

*
connect_timeout

The maximum number of seconds before connection timeout. The default value is 43200 (12 hours).

*
shutdown_timeout

The maximum number of seconds to wait for server shutdown. The default value is 3600 (1 hour).

It is also possible to set variables by using --set-variable=var_name=value or -O var_name=value syntax. This syntax is deprecated.  

COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2007 MySQL AB

This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2 of the License.

This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with the program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.

Please email <docs@mysql.com> for more information or if you are interested in doing a translation.  

SEE ALSO

For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which may already be installed locally and which is also available online at http://dev.mysql.com/doc/.  

AUTHOR

MySQL AB (http://www.mysql.com/).


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR