WATCHSection: Linux User's Manual (1)
Updated: 1999 Apr 3
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NAMEwatch - execute a program periodically, showing output fullscreen
SYNOPSISwatch [-dhvt] [-n <seconds>] [--differences[=cumulative]] [--help] [--interval=<seconds>] [--no-title] [--version] <command>
DESCRIPTIONwatch runs command repeatedly, displaying its output (the first screenfull). This allows you to watch the program output change over time. By default, the program is run every 2 seconds; use -n or --interval to specify a different interval.
The -d or --differences flag will highlight the differences between successive updates. The --cumulative option makes highlighting "sticky", presenting a running display of all positions that have ever changed. The -t or --no-title option turns off the header showing the interval, command, and current time at the top of the display, as well as the following blank line.
NOTENote that command is given to "sh -c" which means that you may need to use extra quoting to get the desired effect.
To watch for mail, you might do
- watch -n 60 from
To watch the contents of a directory change, you could use
- watch -d ls -l
If you're only interested in files owned by user joe, you might use
- watch -d 'ls -l | fgrep joe'
To see the effects of quoting, try these out
- watch echo $$
- watch echo '$$'
- watch echo "'"'$$'"'"
You can watch for your administrator to install the latest kernel with
- watch uname -r
BUGSUpon terminal resize, the screen will not be correctly repainted until the next scheduled update. All --differences highlighting is lost on that update as well.
AUTHORSThe original watch was written by Tony Rems <email@example.com> in 1991, with mods and corrections by Francois Pinard. It was reworked and new features added by Mike Coleman <firstname.lastname@example.org> in 1999.