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ARCH_PRCTL

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (2)
Updated: 2003-02-02
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

arch_prctl - set architecture specific thread state  

SYNOPSIS

#include <asm/prctl.h> #include <sys/prctl.h>

int arch_prctl(int code, unsigned long addr)  

DESCRIPTION

The arch_prctl() function sets architecture specific process or thread state. code selects a subfunction and passes argument addr to it.

Sub functions for x86-64 are:

ARCH_SET_FS
Set the 64bit base for the FS register to addr.
ARCH_GET_FS
Return the 64bit base value for the FS register of the current thread in the unsigned long pointed to by the address parameter
ARCH_SET_GS
Set the 64bit base for the GS register to addr.
ARCH_GET_GS
Return the 64bit base value for the GS register of the current thread in the unsigned long pointed to by the address parameter.
 

RETURN VALUE

On sucess, arch_prctl() returns 0; on error, -1 is returned, and errno is set to indicate the error.  

ERRORS

EFAULT
addr points to an unmapped address or is outside the process address space.
EINVAL
code is not a valid subcommand.
EPERM
addr is outside the process address space.
 

CONFORMING TO

arch_prctl() is a Linux/x86-64 extension and should not be used in programs intended to be portable.  

NOTES

arch_prctl() is only supported on Linux/x86-64 for 64bit programs currently.

The 64bit base changes when a new 32bit segment selector is loaded.

ARCH_SET_GS is disabled in some kernels.

Context switches for 64bit segment bases are rather expensive. It may be a faster alternative to set a 32bit base using a segment selector by setting up an LDT with modify_ldt(2) or using the set_thread_area(2) system call in a 2.5 kernel. arch_prctl() is only needed when you want to set bases that are larger than 4GB. Memory in the first 2GB of address space can be allocated by using mmap(2) with the MAP_32BIT flag.

As of version 2.3.5, glibc provides no prototype for arch_prctl(). You have to declare it yourself for now. This may be fixed in future glibc versions.

FS may be already used by the threading library.  

SEE ALSO

mmap(2), modify_ldt(2), prctl(2), set_thread_area(2)

AMD X86-64 Programmer's manual


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
SEE ALSO




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