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LOCALE

Section: Linux User Manual (5)
Updated: 1994-11-09
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NAME

locale - Describes a locale definition file  

DESCRIPTION

The locale definition files contains all the information that the localedef(1) command needs to convert it into the binary locale database.

The definition files consist of sections which each describe a locale category in detail.  

Syntax

The locale definition file starts with a header that may consist of the following keywords:
<escape_char>
is followed by a character that should be used as the escape-character for the rest of the file to mark characters that should be interpreted in a special way. It defaults to the backslash ( \\ ).
<comment_char>
is followed by a character that will be used as the comment-character for the rest of the file. It defaults to the number sign (#).

The locale definition has one part for each locale category. Each part can be copied from another existing locale or can be defined from scratch. If the category should be copied, the only valid keyword in the definition is copy followed by the name of the locale which should be copied.  

LC_CTYPE

The definition for the LC_CTYPE category starts with the string LC_CTYPE in the first column.

There are the following keywords allowed:

upper
followed by a list of uppercase letters. The letters A trough Z are included automatically. Characters also specified as cntrl, digit, punct, or space are not allowed.
lower
followed by a list of lowercase letters. The letters a trough z are included automatically. Characters also specified as cntrl, digit, punct, or space are not allowed.
alpha
followed by a list of letters. All character specified as either upper or lower are automatically included. Characters also specified as cntrl, digit, punct, or space are not allowed.
digit
followed by the characters classified as numeric digits. Only the digits 0 trough 9 are allowed. They are included by default in this class.
space
followed by a list of characters defined as white-space characters. Characters also specified as upper, lower, alpha, digit, graph, or xdigit are not allowed. The characters <space>, <form-feed>, <newline>, <carriage-return>, <tab>, and <vertical-tab> are automatically included.
cntrl
followed by a list of control characters. Characters also specified as upper, lower, alpha, digit, punct, graph, print, or xdigit are not allowed.
punct
followed by a list of punctuation characters. Characters also specified as upper, lower, alpha, digit, cntrl, xdigit, or the <space> character are not allowed.
graph
followed by a list of printable characters, not including the <space> character. The characters defined as upper, lower, alpha, digit, xdigit, and punct are automatically included. Characters also specified as cntrl are not allowed.
print
followed by a list of printable characters, including the <space> character. The characters defined as upper, lower, alpha, digit, xdigit, punct, and the <space> character are automatically included. Characters also specified as cntrl are not allowed.
xdigit
followed by a list of characters classified as hexadecimal digits. The decimal digits must be included followed by one or more set of six characters in ascending order. The following characters are included by default: 0 trough 9, a trough f, A trough F.
blank
followed by a list of characters classified as blank. The characters <space> and <tab> are automatically included.
toupper
followed by a list of mappings from lowercase to uppercase letters. Each mapping is a pair of a lowercase and an uppercase letter separated with a , and enclosed in parentheses. The members of the list are separated with semicolons.
tolower
followed by a list of mappings from uppercase to lowercase letters. If the keyword tolower is not present, the reverse of the toupper list is used.

The LC_CTYPE definition ends with the string END LC_CYTPE.  

LC_COLLATE

The LC_COLLATE category defines the rules for collating characters. Due to limitations of libc not all POSIX-options are implemented.

The definition starts with the string LC_COLLATE in the first column.

There are the following keywords allowed:

collating-element
collating-symbol

The order-definition starts with a line:

order_start

followed by a list of keywords out of forward, backward, or position. The order definition consists of lines that describe the order and is terminated with the keyword

order_end.

For more details see the sources in /usr/lib/nls/src notably the examples POSIX, Example and Example2

The LC_COLLATE definition ends with the string ENDLC_COLLATE.  

LC_MONETARY

The definition starts with the string LC_MONETARY in the first column.

There are the following keywords allowed:

int_curr_symbol
followed by the international currency symbol. This must be a 4-character string containing the international currency symbol as defined by the ISO 4217 standard (three characters) followed by a separator.
currency_symbol
followed by the local currency symbol.
mon_decimal_point
followed by the string that will be used as the decimal delimiter when formatting monetary quantities.
mon_thousands_sep
followed by the string that will be used as a group separator when formatting monetary quantities.
mon_grouping
followed by a string that describes the formatting of numeric quantities.
positive_sign
followed by a string that is used to indicate a positive sign for monetary quantities.
negative_sign
followed by a string that is used to indicate a negative sign for monetary quantities.
int_frac_digits
followed by the number of fractional digits that should be used when formatting with the int_curr_symbol.
frac_digits
followed by the number of fractional digits that should be used when formatting with the currency_symbol.
p_cs_precedes
followed by an integer set to 1 if the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol
 should precede the formatted monetary quantity or set to 0 if the symbol succeeds the value.
p_sep_by_space
followed by an integer.
0
means that no space should be printed between the symbol and the value.
1
means that a space should be printed between the symbol and the value.
2
means that a space should be printed between the symbol and the sign string, if adjacent.
n_cs_precedes
0
- the symbol succeeds the value.
1
- the symbol precedes the value.
n_sep_by_space
An integer set to 0 if no space separates the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol from the value for a negative monetary quantity, set to 1 if a space separates the symbol from the value and set to 2 if a space separates the symbol and the sign string, if adjacent.
p_sign_posn
0
Parentheses enclose the quantity and the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.
1
The sign string precedes the quantity and the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
2
The sign string succeeds the quantity and the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
3
The sign string precedes the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
4
The sign string succeeds the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
n_sign_posn
0
Parentheses enclose the quantity and the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.
1
The sign string precedes the quantity and the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
2
The sign string succeeds the quantity and the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
3
The sign string precedes the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.
4
The sign string succeeds the currency_symbol or the int_curr_symbol.

The LC_MONETARY definition ends with the string END LC_MONETARY.  

LC_NUMERIC

The definition starts with the string LC_NUMERIC in the first column.

The following keywords are allowed:

decimal_point
followed by the string that will be used as the decimal delimiter when formatting numeric quantities.
thousands_sep
followed by the string that will be used as a group separator when formatting numeric quantities.
grouping
followed by a string that describes the formatting of numeric quantities.

The LC_NUMERIC definition ends with the string END LC_NUMERIC.  

LC_TIME

The definition starts with the string LC_TIME in the first column.

The following keywords are allowed:

abday
followed by a list of abbreviated weekday names. The list starts with Sunday or its translation.
day
followed by a list of weekday names. The list starts with Sunday.
abmon
followed by a list of abbreviated month names.
mon
followed by a list of month names.
am_pm
The appropriate representation of the am and pm strings.
d_t_fmt
The appropriate date and time format.
d_fmt
The appropriate date format.
t_fmt
The appropriate time format.
t_fmt_ampm
The appropriate time format when using 12h clock format.

The LC_TIME definition ends with the string END LC_TIME.  

LC_MESSAGES

The definition starts with the string LC_MESSAGES in the first column.

The following keywords are allowed:

yesexpr
followed by a regular expression that describes possible yes-responses.
noexpr
followed by a regular expression that describes possible no-responses.

The LC_MESSAGES definition ends with the string END LC_MESSAGES.

See the POSIX.2 standard for details.  

FILES

/usr/lib/locale/ --- database for the current locale setting of that category
/usr/lib/nls/charmap/* --- charmap-files  

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.2  

BUGS

This manual page isn't complete.  

SEE ALSO

locale(1), localedef(1), localeconv(3), setlocale(3), charmap(5)


 

Index

NAME
DESCRIPTION
Syntax
LC_CTYPE
LC_COLLATE
LC_MONETARY
LC_NUMERIC
LC_TIME
LC_MESSAGES
FILES
CONFORMING TO
BUGS
SEE ALSO




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